Nevertheless, they never showed any aggressive intentions towards the U.S. They were completely preoccupied with China and Indochina.
FDR, however, ordered an embargo of vital goods to Japan while stepping up aid to the Communist Chinese, just as he was doing with the Communist Soviet Union. In addition, the Japanese people's assets in America were frozen, and the Panama Canal was closed to their ships.
Both America and the British had decoded Japan's messages by 1940, and the ones intercepted in early December of 1941 reported an assault would come on or about December 7. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover had received a tip about the attack, and Senator Guy Gillette, who was acting on a tip from the Korean underground also knew of it. Both warned the White House. Hoover spoke directly to FDR. Churchill also sent FDR a message to the same effect.
These are just a few of the people these authors document as having sent messages to FDR. Many sent warnings to the President and Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall-an extreme Internationalist.
No warning, however, was sent to Honolulu, and what happened there at dawn on December 7, 1941, is now etched in our memories as a day in history which "will live in infamy."
Day of Deceit: The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor, by Robert Stinnett
Infamy: Pearl Harbor and Its Aftermath, by John Toland
The Pearl Harbor Myth: Rethinking the Unthinkable, George Victor
If you can only read one of these, read Infamy, by Toland. The paperback is cheap-and well worth it.
"On Dec. 8, 1941, Franklin Roosevelt? took the rostrum before a joint session of Congress to ask for a declaration of war on Japan.
A day earlier, at dawn, carrier-based Japanese aircraft had launched a sneak attack devastating the U.S. battle fleet at Pearl Harbor.
Said ex-President Herbert Hoover?, Republican statesman of the day, "We have only one job to do now, and that is to defeat Japan."
But to friends, "the Chief" sent another message: "You and I know that this continuous putting pins in rattlesnakes finally got this country bit."
Today, 70 years after Pearl Harbor, a remarkable secret history, written from 1943 to 1963, has come to light. It is Hoover's explanation of what happened before, during and after the world war that may prove yet the death knell of the West." Keep reading...